Skip to content

Co-responder team

Mental health crisis workers ride in patrol cars with specially trained law enforcement officers and, as a team, they respond to mental health calls for service and/or follow up with repeat utilizers. The team also links people with mental illnesses to appropriate services or provides other effective and efficient responses.

For a sample related to this intervention, see this resource:
For more information on this intervention, see this resource:
Local Examples

Middlesex County, MA Arlington Police Department

  • The embedded clinician, called the jail diversion clinician (JDC), responds alongside officers to mental health-related calls for service as well as identifies people in the community that could benefit from follow-up contact through data review and community partners.
  • The team performs outreach and follows up with people to provide ongoing support, treatment referrals, and connection to services.
For a sample related to this example, see this resource:
For more information on this example, see this resource:

Los Angeles County, CA Los Angeles Police Department

  • Los Angeles Police Department started the Systemwide Mental Assessment Response Team (SMART) in 1993, making the city one of the first in the nation to develop and implement the co-responder model.
  • The program deploys 17 co-responder teams on a 24/7 basis to support officers in effectively responding to people in crisis through intervention and referral.
For more information on this example, see these resources:

Boulder County, CO Project Early Diversion, Get Engaged (EDGE)

  • Clinicians embedded in local police departments provide on-scene response to calls for service by request of officers, dispatch, or self-staging.
  • Clinicians provide behavioral health follow-up and connection to services.
  • The behavioral health team includes behavioral health clinicians, peer support specialists, and a clinical program supervisor who can be requested for co-response by any officer from participating law enforcement agencies.
For more information on this example, see this resource:

Johnson County, KS

  • The co-responder program embeds mental health professionals in city police departments throughout the county.
  • They respond with law enforcement on site when mental illness is identified as a factor in a call.

For more information on this example, see these resources:

Type

Program

Measures

1 - Reduce bookings into jail
3 - Increase connection to treatment