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Screening and assessment process for mental illness

Every person booked into jail is screened for mental illnesses using validated screening tools. For those that screen positive for serious mental illness, a licensed mental health professional administers a validated clinical assessment in a timely manner. Crucial case information is then disseminated to appropriate decision makers to inform pretrial release decisions and the need for further assessments.

For more information about this intervention, see these resources:
For samples related to this intervention, see these resources:
Local Examples

Miami-Dade County, FL Miami-Dade County Corrections and Rehabilitation

  • All inmates booked into the jail receive a comprehensive health screening by Corrections Health Services, which includes the BJMHS.
  • Those that screen positive for serious mental illness (SMI) are provided with follow-up assessments within two hours for urgent cases, and as soon as possible for others.
  • People that have been assessed as having an SMI and meet eligibility requirements have the option to participate in the county's Criminal Mental Health Project (CMHP) post-booking diversion program.
  • Through the CMHP, participants further assessed for criminogenic risk and needs, which then informs their transition plans.
For more information on this example, see these resources:

Douglas County, KS Douglas County Sheriff's Office (DSCO)

  • Every person booked into jail is screened using BJMHS in order to identify SMI and other acute psychiatric problems.
  • When a person screens positive, DCSO's jail management system (JMS) sends an automatic alert about the presence of an individual with mental health needs to a clinician, who conducts a full assessment.
  • Screening and assessment results for people with an SMI diagnosis are stored in JMS, with protections that adhere to HIPAA regulations.
  • Aggregate data on screening and assessment results is analyzed along with frequency, length of stay, charge type, and demographic information.
For more information on this example, see this resource:

Pacific County, WA Pacific County Sheriff's Office

  • Every person booked into jail is screened for mental illness using the BJMHS.
  • Screening results are collected in an electronic jail management system that can be queried.
  • For people who screen positive, the mental health clinician conducts a clinical assessment within 48 hours.
For more information on this example, see this resource:
Type

Policy & Practice

Measures

2 - Reduce length of stay
3 - Increase connection to treatment