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Medication-assisted treatment (MAT) in the jail and in the community

People who have opioid addictions receive MAT in the jail and are connected to MAT in the community upon release. MAT can help reduce the cravings people have to use opioids again and treat the brain changes that are caused by opioid addiction. There are three Food and Drug Administration-approved medication options: buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone. Each of these should be available, as people may respond differently to each medication.

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Local Examples

Franklin County, MA Franklin County Sheriff's Office

  • The Franklin County Sheriff's Office is a fully licensed Opioid Treatment Program (OTP), which offers all three forms of MAT for opioid addiction.
  • After appropriate screening and assessment, incarcerated patients with opioid addictions are offered MAT at booking or shortly prior to their release, or continue existing MAT upon incarceration.
  • Treatment is offered both before and after sentencing.
  • The OTP is supported by trauma-informed, mindfulness-based cognitive behavioral therapy from a team of licensed behavioral health providers.
  • Peer specialists offer support groups within correctional facilities.
  • Case workers ensure continuity of care by arranging for enrollment in Medicaid and discharge referrals to treatment programs in the community.
  • Post-release case workers support clients with medication adherence and wrap-around case management services immediately upon release into the community.
  • A contingency management system incentivizes post-release client contact with case workers.

For more information on this example, see these resources:

DuPage County, IL

  • The DuPage County Correctional Center (DCCC) and partnering agencies are capable of offering various forms of medication-assisted treatment to ensure continuity of care.
  • People in the jail have the opportunity to initiate naltrexone during their time at DCCC through the jail’s partnership with DuPage County Health Department.
  • The DuPage County Health Department also offers naltrexone and buprenorphine to community members who participate in substance use therapy/counseling.

Policy & Practice


3 - Increase connection to treatment

Last updated: November 7, 2022