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Pretrial diversion

At the pre-adjudication stage, people are identified as having a mental illness or co-occurring substance addiction and are referred to a pretrial diversion program. People referred to the program follow an alternative criminal justice case process and are connected with appropriate services and treatment.

For more information on this intervention, see this resource:
Local Examples

Miami-Dade County, FL Eleventh Judicial Circuit of Florida Criminal Mental Health Project (CMHP)

  • The post-booking component of the CMHP serves as a diversion option before adjudication for people who are eligible and voluntarily participate.
  • To be eligible, the person must have a documented serious mental illness and have been charged with most misdemeanors, a third-degree felony, or certain second-degree felonies.
  • Eligible defendants are identified by the jail's diversion team, who are then reviewed by the assistant state attorney and public defender for necessary approval and due process.
  • Participants' legal charges are suspended and subsequently dismissed or modified based on treatment engagement.
For more information on this example, see these resources:
Type

Program

Measures

2 - Reduce length of stay
3 - Increase connection to treatment